The Desolation of Exile:
A Russian Family's Odyssey

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The Family Tree



The Ukhtomsky Coat of Arms
Герб князей Ухтомских

The Ukhtomskys are one of many families descended from RURIK. The title "KNYAZ", generally translated as "Prince" for lack of a better one-word description, was held by all members of the Rurik clan, though it more rightly meant (at least in the early period) "warrior-chieftain." In ancient times, the title was obtained only by birth from Rurik blood.

A BRIEF HISTORY
КРАТКИЙ ИСТОРИЧЕСКИЙ ОЧЕРК

THE ARRIVAL OF RURIK
ПРИБЫТИЕ РЮРИКА



RURIK  (830-882)
РЮРИК (830-882 гг.)
m. Yendvinga, daugher of Knyaz Urmansky
ж. Ендвинга, дочь князя Урманского


IGOR  (880-945) m. OLGA of Pskov
ИГОРЬ (880-945 гг.) ж. Ольга Псковская
(OLGA ruled as regent 945-962)
(Ольга была регентом 945-962 гг.)


SVIATOSLAV  I (942-972)
СВЯТОСЛАВ I
 m. Preslava of Hungary (1), Malusha Lubechanka (2)
ж. Преслава, венгерская княжна (1), Малуша Любечанка (2)


VLADIMIR (960-1015)
ВЛАДИМИР
concubine Rogneda of Polotsk, m. Anna of Greece
сожительница Рогнеда Полоцкая, ж. Анна, греческая княжна


YAROSLAV I (978-1054)
ЯРОСЛАВ I
m. Ingegerd of Sweden
ж. Ингегерд (Ирина), дочь шведского короля


VSEVOLOD I (ANDREY KIEVSKY) (1030-1093)
ВСЕВОЛОД I (АНДРЕЙ КИЕВСКИЙ)
m. Anna, daughter of Emperor Konstantin Monomakh (1), Polotsk princess (2)
ж. Анна, дочь императора Константина Мономаха (1), полоцкая княжна (2)


VLADIMIR II MONOMAKH (1053-1125)
ВЛАДИМИР II МОНОМАХ
m. Gitte of Wessex, daughter of Harold I, King of England (1),  Boyar  noblewoman (2)
ж. Гита Уэуссекская, дочь Гарольда I, король Англии (1), боярская барыня (2)


YURIY DOLGORUKIY (1097-1157)
ЮРИЙ ДОЛГОРУКИЙ
m. Daughter of Cuman Khan Aepa Ocenevich (1),
Helena Komnenos of Byzantium (2)
ж. дочь куманского хана Аепа Осеневича (1), Елена Комнина Византийская (2)


VSEVOLOD III BOLSHOYE GNEZDO(1154-1212)
ВСЕВОЛОД III БОЛЬШОЕ ГНЕЗДО
m. Maria Shvarnova, Czech princess (1), Lyubov Vasilkovna (2)
ж. Мария Шварнова, чехская княжна (1), Любовь Васильковна (2)


BELOZERSK LINE
белозерское княжество
KONSTANTIN VLADIMIRSKY THE WISE (1186-1219)
КОНСТАНТИН ВЛАДИМИРСКИЙ МУДРЫЙ
m. Agafia Mstislavovna of Smolensk
ж. Агафия, дочь Мстислава Романовича Смоленского


VASILKO ROSTOVSKY (1208-1238)
ВАСИЛЬКО РОСТОВСКИЙ
m. Maria Mikhaylovna Chernigovskaya
ж. Мария Михайловна Черниговская


GLEB (FEODOR ROSTOVSKY) (1232-1278)
ГЛЕБ (ФЕДОР РОСТОВСКИЙ)
First Belozersk Knyaz
Первый Белозерский князь
m. Theodora, daughter of Khan Sartaq
ж. Феодора, дочь хана Сартака

MIKHAIL BELOZERSKY(1263-1293)
МИХАИЛ БЕЛОЗЕРСКИЙ

ROMAN BELOZERSKY (1280-1339)
РОМАН БЕЛОЗЕРСКИЙ
The last Knyaz of the Belozersk Principality
Последний князь Белозерского княжества

VASILIY SUGORSKY (?-1380) -
ВАСИЛИЙ СУГОРСКИЙ

(Five sons)
(Пятеро сыновей)

 

 

UKHTOMSKY PRINCES BEGAN WITH VASILIY SUGORSKY'S FOURTH SON:
ЧЕТВЕРТЫЙ СЫН ВАСИЛИЯ СУГОРСКОГО БЫЛ ПЕРВЫЙ КНЯЗЬ УХТОМСКИЙ:

IVAN KARGOLOMSKY AND UKHTOMSKY (14TH-15TH CENTURIES)
ИВАН КАРГОЛОМСКИЙ И УХТОМСКИЙ

IVAN IVANOVICH UKHTOMSKY
ИВАН ИВАНОВИЧ УХТОМСКИЙ

VASILIY BOLSHOY IVANOVICH
ВАСИЛИЙ БОЛЬШОЙ ИВАНОВИЧ

IVAN PENKA (15TH-16TH CENTURIES)
ИВАН ВАСИЛИЕВИЧ ПЕНКА

ANDREY IVANOVICH
АНДРЕЙ ИВАНОВИЧ

FEODOR ANDREYEVICH
ФЕДОР АНДРЕЕВИЧ

BORIS FEODOROVICH (16TH-17TH CENTURIES)
БОРИС ФЕДОРОВИЧ

IVAN BORISOVICH
ИВАН БОРИСОВИЧ
m. Agrafena Ivanona Kuchetskaya
ж. Аграфена Ивановна Кучетская

DANILO IVANOVICH
ДАНИЛО ИВАНОВИЧ
m. Manefa Alexandrovna Matchikova
ж. Манефа Александровна Матчикова

NIKITA DANILOVICH (17TH-18TH CENTURIES)
НИКИТА ДАНИЛОВИЧ
m. Anna Fedorovna Ashcherina
ж. Анна Федоровна Ащерина

IVAN NIKITICH BOLSHOY (or MENSHOY)
ИВАН НИКИТИЧ БОЛЬШОЙ (или МЕНЬШОЙ)
FEBRUARY 24, 1725 - 1791
г.р. 24 февраля 1725 г. - 1791
Bolshoy's wife - Avdotia Ivanovna Ushchakova
жена Большого - Авдотия Ивановта Ущакова
Menshoy's wife - Daria Antonovna (no last name)
жена Меньшого - Дария Антоновна (фамилия неизвестна)

VASILIY IVANOVICH
ВАСИЛИЙ ИВАНОВИЧ
AUGUST 2, 1764 - JULY 28, 1826 
г.р. 2 августа 1764 г. - 28 июля 1826 г.
m. Yekaterina Yegorovna Boboyedova
ж. Екатерина Егоровна Бобоедова

NIKOLAY VASILYEVICH
НИКОЛАЙ ВАСИЛЬЕВИЧ
APRIL 28, 1805 - NOVEMBER 21, 1870
28 апреля 1805 г. - 21 ноября 1870 г.
m. Yelizaveta Alekseyevna Naumova
ж. Елизавета Алексеевна Наумова

This portrait is part of the Yaroslavl Fine Arts Museum collection.
Портрет находится в Ярославском Художественном Музее

SIMBIRSK BRANCH
СИМБИРСКАЯ ВЕТВЬ

NIKOLAY NIKOLAYEVICH
НИКОЛАЙ НИКОЛАЕВИЧ
MAY 14, 1828 - JULY 30, 1889
14 моя 1828 г. 30 июля 1889 г.
m. Paraskeva Appolosovna Beteva
ж. Параскева (или Прасковия) Апполосовна Бетева

ALEXANDER NIKOLAYEVICH
АЛЕКСАНДР НИКОЛАЕВИЧ
NOVEMBER 28, 1867 - NOVEMBER 5, 1940
28 ноября 1867 г. - 5 ноября 1940 г.
m. Anna Valerianovna Nazarieva
ж. Анна Валериановна Назарьева

NIKOLAY ALEXANDROVICH
НИКОЛАЙ АЛЕКСАНДРОВИЧ
JANUARY 29, 1895 - AUGUST 17, 1953
29 января 1895 г. - 17 августа 1953 г.
m. Lyubov Alexandrovna Krutova
ж. Любовь Александровна Крутова



CHAPTER 3:  THE BELOZERSK PRINCES
                       БЕЛОЗЕРСКОЕ КНЯЖЕСТВО

PRINCE KONSTANTIN THE WISE
КНЯЗЬ КОНСТАНТИН ВЛАДИМИРОВИЧ МУДРЫЙ

It is after the reign of Yuriy Dolgoruky's son, Vsvevolod of the Large Nest, from 1176-1212, that Vsevolod's sons (eight in all) began to rule different principalities in the northern reaches of Russia. Vsevolod's eldest son, Konstantin, was first sent by his father  in 1205 to rule Novgorod and then was Prince of the cities of Rostov the Great and Vladimir from 1186 to 1219 and Suzdal from 1216 to 1219. His realm included the cities of Yaroslavl and Uglich. It is from Konstantin that the Belozersk Princes and subsequently the Ukhtomskys are descended. The Beloozero region was a part of the Suzdal principality under Konstantin.

            Rostov the Great, Vladimir, Suzdal, Yaroslavl, and Uglich are all cities in Russia's historic Golden Ring—ancient cities that are now, in the 21st century,  part of a standard tourist route. It is difficult to imagine, when looking at a map today, that in the 11th and 12th centuries these cities were important political centers while Moscow was just another minor settlement along the Moscow River, founded by Yuriy Dolgorukiy in the mid 12th  century.  Today, the immensity of Moscow's sprawl dwarfs everything around it and the roadways leading to it are jammed with traffic for miles even before reaching the actual city limits. A trip by car from the city of Vladimir to Moscow in 2010, a distance of about 115 miles, takes more than four hours in generally bumper-to-bumper traffic.

            Though little of the original architecture of the city of Rostov exists—only some parts of its Assumption Cathedral date back to the 12th century,  the rest being reconstructed over the years as time took its toll—the structures and the artwork that have either been preserved or restored speak to the greatness of Russia's medieval history. It was under Konstantin that this Cathedral and many other structures were built in Rostov and Yaroslavl. The 12th and early 13th centuries pre-dated the Mongol invasions and, during Konstantin's rule of these three cities, Russian culture, architecture, and art flourished. Russian icon painting continued and developed even during the Mongol invasions. The Assumption Cathedral in the city of Vladimir houses the frescoes of Russia's most well-known medieval icon painter, Andrey Rublev, painted in the 15th century.

        But all was not fraternal peace and community in the era of Konstantin, and the constant struggles for power drained valuable resources from the separate city-republic, leaving Rus' open to invasion from without. The city of Kostroma, another ancient urban center, is first mentioned in chronicles as being sacked by Konstantin (who was also called "the Wise" despite his penchant for warring with his siblings) when it was under the rule of his own brother. Konstantin was, in fact, disinherited by his father Vsevolod on the latter's deathbed. Vsevolod, in response to Konstantin's refusal to do his bidding, bequeathed the city of Vladimir to another of his sons, Yuriy II...     

THE RUSSIAN NORTH IN PHOTOS FROM KARELIA ON THE BORDER WITH FINLAND MOVING SOUTH TO LAKE BELOYE AND THE REGIONS NORTH AND EAST OF MOSCOW WHERE THE BELOZERSK PRINCES RULED:
СЕВЕРНЫЕ КРАЯ РОССИЯ ОТ КАРЕЛИИ НА ГРАНИЦЕ С ФИНЛЯНДИИ, ЮЖНЕЕ НА БЕЛОМ ОЗЕРЕ, И МЕСТА К СЕВЕРО-ВОСТОКУ МОСКВЫ, ГДЕ ВЛАДЕЛИ БЕЛОЗЕРСКИЕ КНЯЗЬЯ:



Kivachi Waterfall
Водопад Кивачи



Lake Ladoga
Ладожское озеро



Valaam
Валаам



Lake Onega
Онежское озеро




Svir River
Река Свирь



Mandrogi
Мандроги






Lake Beloye (White Lake)
Белое озеро



Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery south of Lake Beloye
Кирилло-Белозерский монастырь к югу от Белого озера



Rybinsk Reservoir
Рыбинское водохранилще



Uglich, south of Rybinsk Reservoir
г. Углич





Yaroslavl
г. Ярославль


Rostov
г. Великий Ростов




Pereslavl Zalessky
Переславль-Залесский



Suzdal
г. Суздаль

Great Hall in Suzdal Kremlin
Парадный зал в Суздальском кремле


Vladimir
г. Владимир


Sergiyev Posad just north of Moscow
Сергиев Посад
Bell tower built by architect Dmitriy Vasiliyevich Ukhtomsky during the reign of Empress Elizabeth
(a different branch of the Ukhtomsky family tree - his ancestor was the brother of Ivan Penka (16th century)).
Колоколня построена архитектором Дмитрием Васильевичем Ухтомским во время  царствования Императрицы Елизаветы (его предок был братом Ивана Пенка (XVI-ый век)).
For more photos of the Russian North, visit my blog at
Дополнителые фото севера Руси находятся на моем блоге:

http://ninabogdan.wordpress.com/2010/11/06/around-the-world-in-50-days-2/

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